[Samba] Increase data length for SMB2 write and read requests for Windows 10 clients

Ivan Clayson ivan at mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk
Wed Aug 16 15:02:47 UTC 2023


We are currently running a Linux Samba gateway with a CephFS 
kernel-client to allow Windows 10 clients to transfer data to and from 
our Ceph storage cluster. We have been using this in production for a 
while now quite successfully but we are finding that our Windows clients 
are having their rates limited to ~1 Gbps despite having 10 Gbit 
interfaces (iperf tests show a 4.18 Gbps network speed). We can achieve 
far higher transfer rates when using Linux clients by setting the 
"wsize" and "rsize" mount.cifs options (we find that 8MB works well) but 
we've been unable to find an equivalent option for our Windows clients 
as there doesn't seem to be an option to specify how much the data will 
be sent in 1 SMB request.

When inspecting the logs (as well as with Wireshark), we can see that 
the Linux clients have their read and write data lengths specified by 
the "wsize" and "rsize" options:

    [2022/12/09 11:47:26.550170,  3]
       smb2: fnum 3199665708, file
    iso_test_folder/copy_back/output_8gb.dat, length=4194304
    offset=2948595712 wrote=4194304

    # where "mount.cifs -o wsize=4MB" by default for dialects at least
    SMB2.1. Hence the "length=" and "wrote=" values are 4*1024^2 bytes

However for a Windows client, the data length of the SMB packets are 
limited to 1 MB however:

    [2022/12/09 11:35:49.331003,  3]
       smbd_smb2_read: fnum 1997996337, file
    iso_test_folder/output_8gb.dat, length=1048576 offset=7298088960

    # "length=" and "read=" are 1MB in size

We are running the same version of Samba (4.16.4) when testing with the 
clients with a 4.18 kernel (for our gateway) but we've been unable to 
find a way to have Windows to send larger SMB packets. Has anyone else 
looked into this and have they found any success? Is there an option in 
the smb.conf that we are missing?

Below are the options we've added to our smb.conf to try and optimize 
data transfer (where any further advice would also be welcome):

     bind interfaces only = yes
     interfaces = "ens18;capability=RSS,speed=10000000000"
     workgroup = ceph
     server role = standalone server
     server min protocol = SMB2_10
     client min protocol = SMB2_10
     winbind max domain connections = 10
     winbind cache time = 5
     allocation roundup size = 524288
     socket options = IPTOS_THROUGHPUT TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=319488 
     block size = 4096
     write raw = Yes
     read raw = Yes
     max xmit = 65535
     min receivefile size = 128000
     aio max threads = 200
     aio read size = 2048
     aio write size = 2048

We would be very eager to hear any thoughts or comments that the wider 
Samba community have to offer!

Kindest regards,

Ivan Clayson

Ivan Clayson
Scientific Computing Officer
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology
Francis Crick Ave, Cambridge

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