[Samba] Password Hash Swapping
rpenny at samba.org
Fri Jul 22 07:53:05 UTC 2022
On Thu, 2022-07-21 at 19:09 +0100, Rowland Penny via samba wrote:
> On Thu, 2022-07-21 at 13:05 -0400, ralph strebbing wrote:
> > On Thu, Jul 21, 2022 at 11:54 AM Rowland Penny via samba
> > <samba at lists.samba.org> wrote:
> > > You have carry out the search on a DC.
> > > You need to search in the path to sam.ldb
> > > You need to explicitly ask for it.
> > >
> > > An example search would be:
> > > ldbsearch -H /var/lib/samba/private/sam.ldb -P -b
> > > 'cn=Users,dc=samdom,dc=example,dc=com' -s sub
> > > '(&(objectcategory=person)(samaccountname=rowland))' unicodePwd
> > So this is what returned from our test user:
> > # ldbsearch -H /var/lib/samba/private/sam.ldb -P -b
> > 'dc=samdom,dc=com'
> > -s sub '(&(objectcategory=person)(samaccountname=pwtest))'
> > unicodePwd
> > > fgrep unicodePwd
> > unicodePwd:: effDoqwcYECEahP6c/W8lA==
> > > You calculate the unicodePwd like this:
> > >
> > > echo -n "\"$PASSWORD\"" | iconv -f UTF-8 -t UTF-16LE | base64 -w
> > > 0
> > >
> > > Note: The duplicate ' " ' are required, they are, believe it or
> > > not,
> > > part of the password.
> > When we ran the plaintest password (noted below) through the
> > formula,
> > we're met with a different value.
> > # echo -n "\"JuniorMint10@\"" | iconv -f UTF-8 -t UTF-16LE | base64
> > -w 0
> > IgBKAHUAbgBpAG8AcgBNAGkAbgB0ADEAMABAACIA
> > > Depending on what your country allows, you could obtain the users
> > > password,run it backwards through the formula above and then log
> > > in.
> > > If you do this, I would then set the user to have to change their
> > > password at next logon.
> > Now, we've done this with another test password, that returned a
> > similar value to the above, and used
> > # ldbedit -P -b 'dc=samdom,dc=com' -s sub
> > '(&(objectcategory=person)(samaccountname=pwtest))' unicodePwd
> > To modify the sam.ldb file, when we input the value WE calculated,
> > it
> > accepts it, and transforms it into a similar has that is returned
> > when
> > we run the ldbsearch command. This is fine, and accomplished half
> > of
> > our goal. The other half however, is trying to swap the old hash
> > (effDoqwcYECEahP6c/W8lA==) in this case, BACK into the sam.ldb via
> > ldbedit, in which case an error is returned stating we can't put NT
> > Hash's directly into the sam.ldb. So is there a way to go about
> > just
> > swapping the hashes directly without the conversion taking place,
> > allowing us to place the old password back on the user's object?
> > Regards,
> > Ralph
> Sorry Ralph, it did work the last time I tried, but this was a long
> time ago and it looks like something has changed.
Quite sometime ago, I wrote a bash script to change a users password.
This script used the formula I posted earlier, I have just tested it
again and it works. So the first part still works, it is the reverse
translation that doesn't seem to work, it looks like a problem with
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