[Samba] Add a preamble to documentation
John H Terpstra
jht at samba.org
Thu Jan 8 15:47:35 GMT 2004
Thanks you for your feedback. I will be updating the HOWTO over the next
few days as I need to create a new PDF for the HOWTO book by Monday.
Your feedback is in good time. Thanks.
- John T.
On Thu, 8 Jan 2004, [ISO-8859-15] Jérôme Fenal wrote:
> Hi list, hi John,
> having seen last week a post (see
> http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?m=107341768923846) that remind me some
> quirks I encountered, I'd like to see a preamble added to the chapter 12
> of the howto. It concerns the diffent types of admin you will need in a
> PDC setup.
> I say preamble, but it could be found anywhere else, as long as it could
> be found (I have lost long hours struggling with this) ;-)
> It applies to NT4 domain control, but may apply as well to ADS, when
> Samba will be ready (YMMV, I never used Samba in ADS mode).
> It could be as follow :
> Administrative tasks that will need to be done with or beside Samba will
> be of two types :
> - the one concerning directly the domain, and thus Samba as a PDC,
> - and the one concerning the clients, eg. as local workstation/server
> These are really different as the first will in fact concern the Unix
> security model that Samba follows closely, the latest are facilities
> from the Windows paradigms, such as the "Domain Admins" domain group.
> The first will always need root priviledges, the second are discussed
> below regarding to how to map a Unix group to the NT4 "Domain Admins" one.
> Root priviledges are basically needed to add, remove, and modify (group
> membership for instance) Unix accounts, and are given to a user having a
> uid equal to zero. It could also be given to users specified in the
> "admin users =" clause of smb.conf. The downside of this is that the
> samba user is mapped to root (which is what we asked for), not only for
> account management, but for _all_ tasks, eg. also for accessing shares,
> creating files and so on.
> These users thus should not be used for day to day work, but only for
> domain administration purposes.
> But it could be mixed with the "Domain Admins" group (mapped to Unix
> group domadmin or ntadmin), just by specifying "admin users = root
> @ntadmin @domadmin" in smb.conf.
> This will allow paradigms similar to the one found in NT4 domain
> administration, but with the downside cited below.
> What should should be done is to have two separate groups, say domadmin
> for domain administration, ntadmin for NT client administration (such as
> a loging with local administrative rights on a workstation).
> domadmin should have accounts used only for domain administration
> (add/remove workstations, servers, users), eg. tasks that could be
> accomplished through the use of USRMGR.EXE and SRVMGR.EXE.
> ntadmin should be mapped to "Domain Admins" group (rid=512).
> ntadmin should not be found in the "admin users =" clause, which should
> only read :
> admin users = root @domadmin
> Accounts in ntadmin group should not be seen in domadmin group, and reverse.
> Accounts in domadmin are nominative, just as should be all accounts in
> secure minded organisations. To differentiate them from normal accounts,
> and could be named as "admin-da-" ("d" could be seen as domain or
> directory administrator) followed by the name of the standard account of
> the user (eg. would be admin-da-jfenal for me).
> In the same manner, accounts in ntadmin could be as "admin-sa-" ("s" for
> station or server administrator).
> So an administrative user would have two to three accounts :
> - name,
> - admin-wa-name,
> - and possibly admin-da-name.
> This is more or less what I'm currently writing (in french) in a
> document for one of my clients.
> The account naming norm is what I am currently implementing and could be
> avoided in the howto, but it really shows what are the differences
> between the tasks, and also allows a technician to have administration
> rights on workstations, and not on the domain.
> Commments are welcome, corrections too.
John H Terpstra
Email: jht at samba.org
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