[Samba] Problem accessing shares

James Brown j.a.m.e.s at btinternet.com
Sun Aug 24 13:58:15 GMT 2003

Hi All,

I am new to configuring samba and am trying to setup a few read-write shares 
on my FreeBSD box. Unfortunately, it's proving very difficult to access my 

1. When I use the smb client, I see the following error:
vanadium# smbclient -L localhost -U James
                 added interface ip= bcast= 
                  error connecting to (Invalid argument)
                  Error connecting to (Invalid argument)
                  Connection to localhost failed

2. When on a Windows XP box (with netbios disabled) I see this error:
   > net use * \\ /USER:James
      "The remote resource is no longer available"
   > net use * \\\myshare /USER:James
      "The remote resource is no longer available"

I have tested the Windows XP machine and it seems to be able to access shares 
available on other XP machines.

I did create the username "James" using "smbpasswd -a James"

and I have configured inetd.conf as follows:
#CIFS Mode Only (aka Direct Peer)
microsoft-ds stream tcp nowait.400      root    /usr/local/samba/bin/smbd smbd

When I connect from the XP box ( I decided to run a tcpdump to 
see whether anything was happening:

vanadium# tcpdump -vv -i rl0 host
tcpdump: listening on rl0
13:08:53.899792 > S [tcp sum ok] 
4218106297:4218106297(0) win 65520 <mss 1260,nop,nop,sackOK> (DF) (ttl 128, 
id 3595, len 48)
13:08:53.899894 > S [tcp sum ok] 
2024285486:2024285486(0) ack 4218106298 win 65535 <mss 1460> (DF) (ttl 64, id 
801, len 44)
13:08:53.900031 > . [tcp sum ok] 
1:1(0) ack 1 win 65520 (DF) (ttl 128, id 3596, len 40)
13:08:53.900462 > P 1:138(137) ack 
1 win 65520 (DF) (ttl 128, id 3597, len 177)
13:08:53.903247 > F [tcp sum ok] 
1:1(0) ack 138 win 65535 (DF) (ttl 64, id 802, len 40)
13:08:53.903515 > F [tcp sum ok] 
138:138(0) ack 2 win 65520 (DF) (ttl 128, id 3598, len 40)
13:08:53.903575 > . [tcp sum ok] 
2:2(0) ack 139 win 65534 (ttl 64, id 803, len 40)
This, I believe, shows the samba server sending a "FIN" to the Windows box, so 
I suspect my Samba config is dubious!

I have attached the smb.conf file and would appreciate it if anyone could 
spare some time to help me out.

Any suggestions are very welcome.
Kind regards,


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# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
# many!) most of which are not shown in this example
# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash) 
# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
# for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
# may wish to enable
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
# to check that you have not many any basic syntactic errors. 
#======================= Global Settings =====================================

# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name, eg: REDHAT4
  workgroup = WORKGROUP

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
  server string = FreeBSD

# This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
# connections to machines which are on your local network. The
# following example restricts access to two C class networks and
# the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
# the smb.conf man page
  hosts allow = 192.168.0. 127.

# If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
  load printers = yes

# you may wish to override the location of the printcap file
;   printcap name = /etc/printcap

# on SystemV system setting printcap name to lpstat should allow
# you to automatically obtain a printer list from the SystemV spool
# system
;   printcap name = lpstat

# It should not be necessary to specify the print system type unless
# it is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
# bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx
;   printing = bsd

# Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
# otherwise the user "nobody" is used
;  guest account = pcguest

# this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
   log file = /var/log/samba.log.%m

# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
   max log size = 10

# Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
# security_level.txt for details.
   security = user

# Use password server option only with security = server
# The argument list may include:
#   password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name]
# or to auto-locate the domain controller/s
#   password server = *
;   password server = <NT-Server-Name>

# Note: Do NOT use the now deprecated option of "domain controller"
# This option is no longer implemented.

# You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
# ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
# Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
  encrypt passwords = yes

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
;   include = /usr/local/etc/smb.conf.%m

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
# You may want to add the following on a Linux system:
#         SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
   socket options = TCP_NODELAY IPTOS_NODELAY

# Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
# here. See the man page for details.
;   interfaces = 

# Browser Control Options:
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
;   local master = no

# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
;   os level = 33

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
;   domain master = yes 

# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
;   preferred master = yes

# Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for 
# Windows95 workstations. 
;   domain logons = yes

# if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
# per user logon script
# run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
;   logon script = %m.bat
# run a specific logon batch file per username
;   logon script = %U.bat

# Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
#        %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
#        You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
;   logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
;   wins support = yes

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
#	Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
;   wins server = w.x.y.z

# WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
# at least one	WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
;   wins proxy = yes

# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
# this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
   dns proxy = yes

# Client codepage settings

# for Greek users
; client code page=737

# for European users (Latin 1)
; client code page=850

# for European users (Latin 2)
; client code page=852

# for Icelandic users
; client code page=861

# for Cyrillic users
; client code page=866

# for Japanese Users
; client code page=932
; coding system=cap

# for Simplified Chinese Users
; client code page=936
; coding system=cap

# for Korean Users
; client code page=949
; coding system=cap

# for Traditional Chinese Users
; client code page=950
; coding system=cap

#============================ Share Definitions ==============================
   comment = Home Directories
   browseable = yes
   writeable = yes
   public = no
# Un-comment the following two lines to add a recycle bin facility to a samba share
# NOTE: It currently doesn't work with the [homes] virtual share, use a regular share instead
;  vfs object = /usr/local/lib/samba/recycle.so
;  vfs options= /usr/local/etc/recycle.conf.default

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
; [netlogon]
;   comment = Network Logon Service
;   path = /usr/local/samba/lib/netlogon
;   guest ok = yes
;   writeable = no
;   share modes = no

# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
;    path = /usr/local/samba/profiles
;    browseable = no
;    guest ok = yes

# NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to 
# specifically define each individual printer
   comment = All Printers
   path = /var/spool/samba
   browseable = no
# Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print
   guest ok = no
   writeable = no
   printable = yes

# This one is useful for people to share files
;   comment = Temporary file space
;   path = /tmp
;   read only = no
;   public = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group
;   comment = Public Stuff
;   path = /home/samba
;   public = yes
;   writeable = yes
;   printable = no
;   write list = @staff

# Other examples. 
# A private printer, usable only by fred. Spool data will be placed in fred's
# home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory,
# wherever it is.
;   comment = Fred's Printer
;   valid users = fred
;   path = /homes/fred
;   printer = freds_printer
;   public = no
;   writeable = no
;   printable = yes

# A private directory, usable only by fred. Note that fred requires write
# access to the directory.
;   comment = Fred's Service
;   path = /usr/somewhere/private
;   valid users = fred
;   public = no
;   writeable = yes
;   printable = no

# a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects
# this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could
# also use the %U option to tailor it by user name.
# The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting.
;  comment = PC Directories
;  path = /usr/pc/%m
;  public = no
;  writeable = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files
# created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so
# any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this
# directory must be writeable by the default user. Another user could of course
# be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead.
;   path = /usr/somewhere/else/public
;   public = yes
;   only guest = yes
;   writeable = yes
;   printable = no
# Un-comment the following two lines to add a recycle bin facility to a samba share
;  vfs object = /usr/local/lib/samba/recycle.so
;  vfs options= /usr/local/etc/recycle.conf.default

# The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two
# users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this
# setup, the directory should be writeable by both users and should have the
# sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to
# as many users as required.
   comment = James Userwork
   path = /home/James/samba
   valid users = James
   public = no
   writeable = yes
   printable = no
   create mask = 0765

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