[Samba] Usernames in /etc/passwd vs domain (Domain Member Setup)

Andrew Bartlett abartlet at samba.org
Thu Sep 22 09:25:19 UTC 2022

On Wed, 2022-09-21 at 23:00 +0000, Eddie Rowe via samba wrote:
> I am new to Samba and working to understand things since I have an
> existing Samba server joined to Active Directory as a domain
> member.  I have been reading the O'Reilly Samba book to get oriented
> to things and now setting up a test server.  So as to not muddy the
> water with distribution specific instructions I have been working off
> the Samba wiki<
> https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Setting_up_Samba_as_a_Domain_Member
> > to setup a test system.  Under the section "Configuring the Name
> Service Switch" the wiki states "Do not use the same user names in
> the local /etc/passwd file as in the domain.".  I am afraid this is
> how things are setup today on the existing server.  Any suggestions
> for what I can review in the Wiki or Samba site to understand how I
> can bring our setup into one that would be a standard setup?  Today
> the process for giving someone access to a Samba share involves
> killing winbind, adding the local account, adding the group that
> corresponds to the share, restarting winbind.

Samba's preference is, because it avoids double-managment and ensures
we can honour AD groups etc, to use nss_winbind to provide the users to
nsswitch, eg to make them linux users.

As you then don't want two user ids for a user, the guidance is not to
create a duplicate locally.

However many installations have done so, and do not use nss_winbind,
but want Samba to honour the local user authorization, just as NFS, SSH
or local login would.

https://attachments.samba.org/attachment.cgi?id=16970 for guidance on
how to keep your setup working with a modern (patched) Samba version. 

We really should have a wiki page for nsswitch based authorization, to
help the many sites that use Samba the way you do.  It isn't our
preference, but we know it is a practice that is in use and we try to
keep it working.  (As this is historically how Samba behaved). 

Andrew Bartlett

Andrew Bartlett (he/him)       https://samba.org/~abartlet/
Samba Team Member (since 2001) https://samba.org
Samba Team Lead, Catalyst IT   https://catalyst.net.nz/services/samba

Samba Development and Support, Catalyst IT - Expert Open Source

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