[Samba] domain-free multi-user use cases

Eric Levy contact at ericlevy.name
Sat Oct 23 23:43:01 UTC 2021

On Sat, 2021-10-23 at 16:05 -0700, Jeremy Allison wrote:
> On Sat, Oct 23, 2021 at 03:59:42AM -0400, Eric Levy via samba wrote:
> > The most basic mount to a file server is single user, represented
> > by
> > (1). I have come to understand, in part from a discussion in this
> > group, that a multiuser mount is not possible without the addition
> > of a
> > domain server, represented by class (2). As explained, a multiuser
> > mount is one for which various files are owned by different users
> > within the same mounted view, and the differences in ownership in
> > the
> > mounted view reflect the actual ownership of the server (though in
> > general a user mapping may be employed).
> No, that's not true unless you are dealing with multiple servers
> and multiple clients. Even then, if all the clients had the same
> local users and all the servers had the same local users (i.e.
> user "Sam" on all clients maps to user "Sam" on all servers)
> then you don't need a domain setup.
> You can see why this would quickly become unscalable though :-).
> Any client with multiple local users can attempt to connect
> to a Samba server as different users, so long as the different
> users are logged in simultaneously and try and access the
> same mounted drive.
> E.g. For Windows,if "user1" mounts drive Z:, and then "user2" tries
> to access Z: then the client will attempt a multiplexed
> SMB2_SESSIONSETUP + TREE_CONNECT to the server as "user2".
> With no domain that means no kerberos so all logons will be
> done using NTLM, which isn't really what you want security-wise.
> But if all clients have local users: user1, user2,..., userN
> and all servers have local users: user1, user2,..., userN
> and each user password is the same for that user across all
> clients and servers then each client can connect as multiple
> users, authenticating via NTLM and all will work.
> You'd be nuts to try and do this for more than one or
> two users though, which is why NT Domains and AD Domains
> were invented.

It seems the first scenario you describe is simply several users each
creating their own single-user mount, that is, several simultaneous
uses in class (1). 

The second describes a Windows client, and it hasn't been explained
whether the same concept would transfer to a Linux client.

Can a Linux client mount (e.g. as root) a remote Samba share such that
files on the server owned by user1, user2, and so on, show
correspondingly on the client as owned by user1, user2, and so on?

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