[Samba] Accidental zone deletion
chris.puttick at cp1associates.net
Tue Jun 22 09:43:08 UTC 2021
Ok, so we're not sure whether running the samba_upgradedns was part of the fix, but for those who encounter similar scenarios, these steps did seem to resolve it (over time):
Recreate the zone with
samba-tool dns zonecreate A-DC domain.local -U admin.username
(where in this organisation's case A-DC was what we think of in old-fashioned terms as the PDC e.g. has the FSMO roles - may or may not be relevant)
The zone starts to populate itself fairly quickly with stuff from the LAN.
On the DCs restart samba
(service samba-ad-dc restart)
That gets the zone recreated on the DCs, and a little while later the DCs appear in as records in the zone, checking with
samba-tool dns query this-DC domain.local @ ALL -U admin.username
Somehow or other, probably with some variant of samba_dnsupdate we managed to get one of the remote DCs A record to get updated more quickly. Waiting (impatiently) for the others took an age (maybe 15 minutes ;) ) to appear.
The one that got forced had the command run *before* samba was restarted, with the form that resulted in most apparent activity (but without the domain zone being recreated on the DC) including said DC appearing as a record.
samba_dnsupdate --verbose --rpc-server-ip ip.of.a-.dc --all-names
Again noting this may or may not be a factor, as other DCs which didn't have any samba_dnsupdate commands run eventually appeared in a seemingly random length of time (where a DC on each remote site was shutdown for safety, and booted up about the same time, with 10+ minutes difference in when their A records got created.
So while the idea that the AD zone should not be deletable without some complex, preferably CLI only, process is a great one, recovery from the deletion seems relatively painless.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Andrew Bartlett" <abartlet at samba.org>
To: "Chris Puttick" <chris.puttick at cp1associates.net>
Cc: "samba" <samba at lists.samba.org>
Sent: Tuesday, 22 June, 2021 08:40:45
Subject: Re: [Samba] Accidental zone deletion
On Tue, 2021-06-22 at 07:16 +0000, Chris Puttick via samba wrote:
> Thanks for the response, about what we feared. For interest on one of
> the DCs we tried
> samba_upgradedns --dns-backend=SAMBA_INTERNAL --migrate=no
> and got the response
> # samba_upgradedns --dns-backend=SAMBA_INTERNAL --migrate=no
> Reading domain information
> DNS accounts already exist
> No zone file /var/lib/samba/private/dns/OXARCH.LOCAL.zone
> DNS records will be automatically created
> DNS partitions already exist
> Finished upgrading DNS
This may have rebuilt a very minimal DNS, which may be a good thing.
> Found the comment about "no zone file" interesting because that
> directory doesn't exist and AFAIK has never existed (Ubuntu 18.04
> running Samba 4.7.6-Ubuntu).
Correct. That tool does a number of different things, but one thing it
was built for originally was upgrading from a file-based zone into the
in-directory zone, hence that check and message.
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: "Andrew Bartlett" <abartlet at samba.org>
> To: "Chris Puttick" <chris.puttick at cp1associates.net>, "samba" <
> samba at lists.samba.org>
> Sent: Tuesday, 22 June, 2021 06:47:29
> Subject: Re: [Samba] Accidental zone deletion
> On Tue, 2021-06-22 at 05:29 +0000, Chris Puttick via samba wrote:
> > Hi
> > We have a situation where an MS admin used the AD utilities to tidy
> > up an neighbouring (MS-based) domain but was attached to the wrong
> > DC
> > and deleted the wrongdomain.local zone file (which is apparently a
> > bit of a thing in MS circles); by the time said admin realised the
> > deletion had replicated across DCs on all sites. How do we recreate
> > it, in partiular the contents? Hoping the answer is "just manually
> > create the zone and it'll repopulate".
> > Any suggestions welcomed...
> I assume of course you mean the zone in a Samba AD DC, not a simple
> .zone file.
> This has happened, and yes, I do think we should prevent it at the
> database level, as nobody ever really means to do that. Last time
> happened we helped a client jury-rig up a backup of the sam.ldb into
> BIND9-DLZ (so only DNS used the old data), allowing service to
> continue while things were fixed back up.
> However, I'm sorry to say it won't just be regenerated, while Samba
> will try and re-register itself every now and then, I wouldn't count
> it getting back the way you found it fast.
> How are your backups?
> Andrew Bartlett
> Andrew Bartlett (he/him) https://samba.org/~abartlet/
> Samba Team Member (since 2001) https://samba.org
> Samba Team Lead, Catalyst IT https://catalyst.net.nz/services/samba
> Samba Development and Support, Catalyst IT - Expert Open Source
Andrew Bartlett (he/him) https://samba.org/~abartlet/
Samba Team Member (since 2001) https://samba.org
Samba Team Lead, Catalyst IT https://catalyst.net.nz/services/samba
Samba Development and Support, Catalyst IT - Expert Open Source
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