[Samba] Joining to Windows Domain? Use Internal DNS?

Bethel, Zach zach_bethel at taylor.edu
Wed Oct 17 13:17:30 MDT 2012


I have some questions. Most of the documentation seems to show how to join a windows machine to a samba domain. I went the other way and Created a Windows 2008 R2 domain and joined samba 4 to it. I noticed some things aren't quite looking right, and I'm not sure if I should expect it.

For instance, under "Active Directory Sites and Services" on the Windows box, if I right click on 'NTDS Settings' for the Samba dc and select, "Replicate configuration to the selected dc', I get the following error,

"The following error occurred during the attempt to syncronize naming context CN=Configuration,DC=[...],DC=[...],DC=[...] from Domain Controller SAMBATEST to domain controller QUARTZ: The stub received bad data."

Right clicking on the <automatically generated> connection within the Win2k8r2 server and clicking, 'replicate now' fails for a different reason:

"The Following error occurred during the attempt to syncronize naming context DomainDnsZones.[fqdn removed] from domain controller QUARTZ to domain controller SAMBATEST: The naming context is in the process of being removed or is not replicated from the specific server."

However, replicating from the samba box seems to work just great. I get no errors.

Now, I know that there are some limitations on the DNS replication, so maybe this is expected. I read on the documentation that I should either use the Windows DNS server or BIND. When I setup samba, I didn't provision it (like the docs said), but rather did a domain join. Is samba relying on the DNS server on the windows machine then? If not, are the docs right in that I should stick with bind, or am I safe to use the internal DNS?

Ultimately, I guess I'm wondering if I'm better off provisioning a samba domain and joining win2k8 to it, and letting samba handle the DNS. Then, I could have, say 2 samba DC's replicating between each other, and a windows DC for managing group policy stuff?

That leads me to another question. DFS isn't supported. I noticed this after I tried to edit the group policy on my windows machine. The SYSVOL partition for samba is completely empty. I saw that some people are using rsync between samba instances to replicate this, but what's the preferred method between syncing a windows DC with a samba DC? If I'm messing with the group policy on the windows machine, isn't that going to result in an inconsistent state between the windows DC and the other samba DC's?

When I tried updating the group policy on a windows 7 client joined to the domain, I got the following error,

"The processing of Group Policy failed. Windows attempted to read the file \\[fqdn]\sysvol\[fqdn]\Policies\{...}\gpt.ini from a domain controller and was not successful. Group policy settings may not be applied until this event is resolved. This issue may be transient and could be caused by one or more of the following: a) Name Resolution/Network Connectivity to the current domain controller. b) File Replication Service Latency [...] c) The Distributed File System (DFS) client has been disabled."

I tried copying the policy files from the SYSVOL folder in windows to the /usr/local/samba/locks/sysvol/... folder, and that didn't solve it. I also mounted the share directly, and I could see the policies, but for some reason my windows 7 machine isn't liking it.

Anyway, other things seem to be working. I can add users and they replicate between boxes, and limited group policy settings seem to be working.

Thanks for your help!
Zach Bethel

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