Building cifs.ko without any support for insecure crypto?
simo at redhat.com
Mon Aug 23 10:04:48 UTC 2021
On Thu, 2021-08-19 at 13:43 +1000, ronnie sahlberg wrote:
> On Wed, Aug 18, 2021 at 9:44 PM Ard Biesheuvel <ardb at kernel.org> wrote:
> > On Tue, 17 Aug 2021 at 00:19, Eric Biggers <ebiggers at kernel.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Sun, Aug 15, 2021 at 08:38:23PM +1000, ronnie sahlberg wrote:
> > > >
> > > > What are the plans here? To just offer the possibility to disable all
> > > > these old crypto and hashes on a local kernel compile?
> > > > Or is the plan to just outright remove it from the kernel sources?
> > > >
> > > > If the first, I think that could possible be done for cifs. I think a
> > > > lot of the security minded larger enterprises already may be disabling
> > > > both SMB1 and also NTLM on serverside, so they would be fine.
> > > >
> > > > For the latter, I think it would be a no-go since aside from krb5
> > > > there are just no other viable authentication mechs for smb.
> > >
> > > Removing the code would be best, but allowing it to be compiled out would be the
> > > next best thing.
> > >
> > > > TL;DR
> > > > If NTLMSSP authentication is disabled, there are no other options to
> > > > map a share than using KRB5
> > > > and setting up the krb5 infrastructure. And thus smaller sites will
> > > > not be able to use CIFS :-(
> > > > So while I think it is feasible to add support to cifs.ko to
> > > > conditionally disable features depending in a kernel compile (no SMB1
> > > > if des/rc4 is missing, no NTLM if rc4/md4/md5 is missing) I don't
> > > > think it is feasible to disable these by default.
> > > > I will work on making it possible to build cifs.ko with limied
> > > > functionality when these algorithms are disabled though.
> > >
> > > FWIW, the way this came up is that the Compatibility Test Suite for Android 11
> > > verifies that CONFIG_CRYPTO_MD4 isn't set. The reason that test got added is
> > > because for a short time, CONFIG_CRYPTO_MD4 had accidentally been enabled in the
> > > recommended kernel config for Android. Since "obviously" no one would be using
> > > a completely broken crypto algorithm from 31 years ago, when fixing that bug we
> > > decided to go a bit further and just forbid it from the kernel config.
> > >
> > > I guess we'll have to remove that test for now (assuming that CONFIG_CIFS is to
> > > be allowed at all on an Android device, and that the people who want to use it
> > > don't want to use kerberos which is probably the case).
> > >
> > > It is beyond ridiculous that this is even an issue though, given that MD4 has
> > > been severely compromised for over 25 years.
> > >
> > > One thing which we should seriously consider doing is removing md4 from the
> > > crypto API and moving it into fs/cifs/. It isn't a valid crypto algorithm, so
> > > anyone who wants to use it should have to maintain it themselves.
> > >
> > +1 to moving the md4 code into fs/cifs, so that the CIFS maintainers
> > can own it and phase it out on their own schedule, and prevent its
> > inadvertent use in other places.
> Ok, let me summarize the status and what I think we will need to do in cifs.
> Removal of DES is not controversial since this only affects SMB1.
> SMB2 has been around since 2006 and it is starting to become viable to at least
> disable the SMB1 protocol by default today.
> There are still servers that only support SMB1 but they are becoming rare.
> I think also Microsoft Windows default to disable (but not remove)
> SMB1 by default
> on some configurations today.
> I am proposing that we remove the hard dependency to DES and instead
> make it a soft dependency to "do not build SMB1 if DES is missing".
> These are all used together in NTLMSSP authentication today, including
> in the very latest
> versions of the protocol. This is the only authentication mechanism
> available in cifs
> aside from the "extended" kerberos 5 protocol that ActiveDirectory implements.
> As such the vast majority of clients rely on this when accessing SMB servers.
> ARC4 is technically possible to remove since it is only used in the
> final stage for KEY_EXCHANGE
> when negotiating the session key. It could be removed but it would
> make NTLMSSP weaker.
> But if we have to move other crypto into fs/cifs anyway we can just as
> well copy ARC4 into fs/cifs.
> MD4 is used to create a hash, which is then one of the inputs into
> MD5-HMAC for the core part of the
> NTLMSSP authentication so we would need private versions of at least
> md4 to be copied to fs/cifs as well.
> I am proposing that we fork both ARC4 and MD4 and host private
> versions of these in fs/cifs.
Another way to handle this part is to calculate the hash in userspace
and handle the kernel just the hashes. This would allow you to remove
MD4 from the kernel. I guess it would break putting a password on the
kernel command line, but is that really a thing to do? Kernels do not
boot from cifs shares so you can always use userspace tools (or pass
hexed hashes directly on the command line in a pinch).
> I have patches for both DES removal and forking ARC4 prepared for linux-cifs.
> MD4 will require more work since we use it via the crypto_alloc_hash()
> api but we will do that too.
> What about MD5? Is it also scheduled for removal? if so we will need
> to fork it too.
MD5 is still used for a ton of stuff, however it may make sense to
consider moving it in /lib and our of /lib/crypto as it is not usable
in cryptographic settings anymore anyway.
> -- ronnie
RHEL Crypto Team
Red Hat, Inc
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