[RFC PATCH 0/5] locks: implement "filp-private" (aka UNPOSIX) locks

Stefan (metze) Metzmacher metze at samba.org
Sat Oct 12 03:20:33 MDT 2013

Hi Jeff,

> At LSF this year, there was a discussion about the "wishlist" for
> userland file servers. One of the things brought up was the goofy and
> problematic behavior of POSIX locks when a file is closed. Boaz started
> a thread on it here:
>     http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.linux.file-systems/73364
> Userland fileservers often need to maintain more than one open file
> descriptor on a file. The POSIX spec says:
> "All locks associated with a file for a given process shall be removed
>  when a file descriptor for that file is closed by that process or the
>  process holding that file descriptor terminates."
> This is problematic since you can't close any file descriptor without
> dropping all your POSIX locks. Most userland file servers therefore
> end up opening the file with more access than is really necessary, and
> keeping fd's open for longer than is necessary to work around this.
> This patchset is a first stab at an approach to address this problem by
> adding two new l_type values -- F_RDLCKP and F_WRLCKP (the 'P' is short
> for "private" -- I'm open to changing that if you have a better
> mnemonic).
> For all intents and purposes these lock types act just like their
> "non-P" counterpart. The difference is that they are only implicitly
> released when the fd against which they were acquired is closed. As a
> side effect, these locks cannot be merged with "non-P" locks since they
> have different semantics on close.
> I've given this patchset some very basic smoke testing and it seems to
> do the right thing, but it is still pretty rough. If this looks
> reasonable I'll plan to do some documentation updates and will take a
> stab at trying to get these new lock types added to the POSIX spec (as
> HCH recommended).
> At this point, my main questions are:
> 1) does this look useful, particularly for fileserver implementors?
> 2) does this look OK API-wise? We could consider different "cmd" values
>    or even different syscalls, but I figured this makes it clearer that
>    "P" and "non-P" locks will still conflict with one another.
> Jeff Layton (5):
>   locks: consolidate checks for compatible filp->f_mode values in setlk
>     handlers
>   locks: add definitions for F_RDLCKP and F_WRLCKP
>   locks: skip FL_FILP_PRIVATE locks on close unless we're closing the
>     correct filp
>   locks: handle merging of locks when FL_FILP_PRIVATE is set
>   locks: show private lock types in /proc/locks

I haven't looked at the patches, but it would be very good to have locks
per "open" and not per "fd".

What happens in this example?

fd1 = open("/somefile", ...);
fd2 = open("/somefile", ...);
fd3 = dup(fd1);

lock(fd1, range1)
lock(fd2, range2)
lock(fd3, range3)

lock(fd2, range1) // => error already locked?

lock(fd3, range1) // stacked lock?


lock(fd2, range1) // is range1 still locked by fd3 ?

What about fd-passing, will the locks be transferred/shared with the
other process?


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