[PATCH v2 10/14] locks: turn the blocked_list into a hashtable

Jeff Layton jlayton at redhat.com
Tue Jun 11 05:09:04 MDT 2013

Break up the blocked_list into a hashtable, using the fl_owner as a key.
This speeds up searching the hash chains, which is especially significant
for deadlock detection.

Note that the initial implementation assumes that hashing on fl_owner is
sufficient. In most cases it should be, with the notable exception being
server-side lockd, which compares ownership using a tuple of the
nlm_host and the pid sent in the lock request. So, this may degrade to a
single hash bucket when you only have a single NFS client. That will be
addressed in a later patch.

The careful observer may note that this patch leaves the file_lock_list
alone. There's much less of a case for turning the file_lock_list into a
hashtable. The only user of that list is the code that generates
/proc/locks, and it always walks the entire list.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton at redhat.com>
 fs/locks.c |   25 ++++++++++++++++++-------
 1 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/locks.c b/fs/locks.c
index 28959bc..76fb7af 100644
--- a/fs/locks.c
+++ b/fs/locks.c
@@ -126,6 +126,7 @@
 #include <linux/time.h>
 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
 #include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
+#include <linux/hashtable.h>
 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
@@ -153,10 +154,19 @@ int lease_break_time = 45;
 #define for_each_lock(inode, lockp) \
 	for (lockp = &inode->i_flock; *lockp != NULL; lockp = &(*lockp)->fl_next)
+ * By breaking up the blocked locks list into a hashtable, we speed up the
+ * deadlock detection.
+ *
+ * FIXME: make this value scale via some heuristic?
+ */
 static HLIST_HEAD(file_lock_list);
-static HLIST_HEAD(blocked_list);
-/* Protects the two list heads above */
+/* Protects the file_lock_list and the blocked_hash */
 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(file_lock_lock);
 static struct kmem_cache *filelock_cache __read_mostly;
@@ -475,13 +485,13 @@ static int posix_same_owner(struct file_lock *fl1, struct file_lock *fl2)
 static inline void
 locks_insert_global_blocked(struct file_lock *waiter)
-	hlist_add_head(&waiter->fl_link, &blocked_list);
+	hash_add(blocked_hash, &waiter->fl_link, (unsigned long)waiter->fl_owner);
 static inline void
 __locks_delete_global_blocked(struct file_lock *waiter)
-	hlist_del_init(&waiter->fl_link);
+	hash_del(&waiter->fl_link);
 static inline void
@@ -729,7 +739,7 @@ static struct file_lock *what_owner_is_waiting_for(struct file_lock *block_fl)
 	struct file_lock *fl;
-	hlist_for_each_entry(fl, &blocked_list, fl_link) {
+	hash_for_each_possible(blocked_hash, fl, fl_link, (unsigned long)block_fl->fl_owner) {
 		if (posix_same_owner(fl, block_fl))
 			return fl->fl_next;
@@ -865,7 +875,7 @@ static int __posix_lock_file(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *request, str
 	 * New lock request. Walk all POSIX locks and look for conflicts. If
 	 * there are any, either return error or put the request on the
-	 * blocker's list of waiters and the global blocked_list.
+	 * blocker's list of waiters and the global blocked_hash.
 	if (request->fl_type != F_UNLCK) {
 		for_each_lock(inode, before) {
@@ -2284,13 +2294,14 @@ static void lock_get_status(struct seq_file *f, struct file_lock *fl,
 static int locks_show(struct seq_file *f, void *v)
+	int bkt;
 	struct file_lock *fl, *bfl;
 	fl = hlist_entry(v, struct file_lock, fl_link);
 	lock_get_status(f, fl, *((loff_t *)f->private), "");
-	hlist_for_each_entry(bfl, &blocked_list, fl_link) {
+	hash_for_each(blocked_hash, bkt, bfl, fl_link) {
 		if (bfl->fl_next == fl)
 			lock_get_status(f, bfl, *((loff_t *)f->private), " ->");

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