[PATCH v1 07/11] locks: only pull entries off of blocked_list when they are really unblocked
jlayton at redhat.com
Wed Jun 5 06:38:59 MDT 2013
On Wed, 5 Jun 2013 08:24:32 -0400
"J. Bruce Fields" <bfields at fieldses.org> wrote:
> On Wed, Jun 05, 2013 at 07:38:22AM -0400, Jeff Layton wrote:
> > On Tue, 4 Jun 2013 17:58:39 -0400
> > "J. Bruce Fields" <bfields at fieldses.org> wrote:
> > > On Fri, May 31, 2013 at 11:07:30PM -0400, Jeff Layton wrote:
> > > > Currently, when there is a lot of lock contention the kernel spends an
> > > > inordinate amount of time taking blocked locks off of the global
> > > > blocked_list and then putting them right back on again. When all of this
> > > > code was protected by a single lock, then it didn't matter much, but now
> > > > it means a lot of file_lock_lock thrashing.
> > > >
> > > > Optimize this a bit by deferring the removal from the blocked_list until
> > > > we're either applying or cancelling the lock. By doing this, and using a
> > > > lockless list_empty check, we can avoid taking the file_lock_lock in
> > > > many cases.
> > > >
> > > > Because the fl_link check is lockless, we must ensure that only the task
> > > > that "owns" the request manipulates the fl_link. Also, with this change,
> > > > it's possible that we'll see an entry on the blocked_list that has a
> > > > NULL fl_next pointer. In that event, just ignore it and continue walking
> > > > the list.
> > >
> > > OK, that sounds safe as in it shouldn't crash, but does the deadlock
> > > detection still work, or can it miss loops?
> > >
> > > Those locks that are temporarily NULL would previously not have been on
> > > the list at all, OK, but... I'm having trouble reasoning about how this
> > > works now.
> > >
> > > Previously a single lock was held interrupted across
> > > posix_locks_deadlock and locks_insert_block() which guaranteed we
> > > shouldn't be adding a loop, is that still true?
> > >
> > > --b.
> > >
> > I had thought it was when I originally looked at this, but now that I
> > consider it again I think you may be correct and that there are possible
> > races here. Since we might end up reblocking behind a different lock
> > without taking the global spinlock we could flip to blocking behind a
> > different lock such that a loop is created if you had a complex (>2)
> > chain of locks.
> > I think I'm going to have to drop this approach and instead make it so
> > that the deadlock detection and insertion into the global blocker
> > list/hash are atomic.
> Right. Once you drop the lock you can no longer be sure that what you
> learned about the file-lock graph stays true.
> > Ditto for locks_wake_up_blocks on posix locks and
> > taking the entries off the list/hash.
> Here I'm not sure what you mean.
Basically, I mean that rather than setting the fl_next pointer to NULL
while holding only the inode lock and then ignoring those locks in the
deadlock detection code, we should additionally take the global lock in
locks_wake_up_blocks too and take the blocked locks off the global list
and the i_flock list at the same time.
That actually might not be completely necessary, but it'll make the
logic clearer and easier to understand and probably won't hurt
performance too much. Again, I'll need to do some perf testing to be
Jeff Layton <jlayton at redhat.com>
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