Eventlog Manpage Fodder Comments Solicited...

Brian Moran bmoran at centeris.com
Tue Oct 18 18:31:28 GMT 2005

Samba and Eventlogs


Samba servers now support event logs -- this means that if Samba is
configured correctly, the usual administration tools like event viewer
will work against a Samba 



Configuring for event logs

            To minimally configure Samba to publish event logs, the
eventlogs to list must be specified in smb.conf, and eventlog entries
must be written to those eventlogs. 

Optionally, a message file can be registered for each of the eventlog
'sources' to pretty-print the eventlog messages in the eventlog viewer. 


Configuring smb.conf: 

            To specify the list of eventlogs the eventlog list command
is used. An example which will show four eventlogs is 

eventlog list = Application System Security  SyslogLinux


            When Samba initially starts, it looks to see if the eventlog
directory, and a particular log exists; if not, the  directory and file
are created under LOCK_DIR 

Writing records to event logs:

            The eventlogadm command is used to write records into a
particular eventlog. Eventlogadm expects records to be on STDIN in the
following format


LEN: 0

RS1: 1699505740

RCN: 0

TMG: 1128631322

TMW: 1128631322

EID: 1000


ECT: 0

RS2: 0

CRN: 0

USL: 0

SRC: cron

SRN: dmlinux

STR: (root) CMD ( rm -f /var/spool/cron/lastrun/cron.hourly)



These fields closely mirror the eventlog structures used by the APIs --
the definitions of the fields are 


            LEN: <integer>  The length field is calculated by the
eventlogadm program based on the rest of the information in the record.
Zero works well here.

            RS1: 1699505740 A "magic number", the primary purpose of
which seems to be to be able to find eventlog records in a sea of binary

            TMG: <integer>  The time the eventlog record was generated;
format is the number of seconds since 00:00:00 January 1, 1970, UTC

            TMW: <integer>  The time the eventlog record was written;
format is the number of seconds since 00:00:00 January 1, 1970, UTC

            EID: <integer>  The eventlog ID -- used as a index to a
message string in a message DLL.

            ETP: <string>   The event type -- one of INFO, ERROR,

            ECT: <integer>  The event category; this depends on the
message file -- primarily used as a means of filtering in the eventlog

            RS2: 0          Another reserved field

            CRN: 0          Yet another reserved field

            USL: <integer>  Typically would contain the length of the
SID of the user object associated with this event. This is not supported
now, so leave this zero.

            SRC: <string>   The source name associated with the event
log, e.g. "cron" or "smbd". If a message file is used with an event log,
there will be a registry 

entry for associating this source name with a message file DLL

            SRN: <string>   The name of the machine on which the
eventlog was generated. This is typically the host name

            STR: <string>   The text associated with the eventlog. Note
that there may be more than one strings in a record

            DAT: <string>   Eventlog records can have binary information
associated with them. DAT only supports ASCII strings however


typically, one would set up a program to gather events, format them into
records, and pipe them into eventlogadm for a particular eventlog:


tail -f /var/log/messages | my_program_to_parse_into_eventlog_records |
eventlogadm SyslogLinux


Note that individual records are separated on the input by one or more
blank lines. In this manner, eventlogadm will just wait for more input,
writing to the underlying log files as necessary.


To set up an eventlog source (which is used by the eventlog viewer
program to pretty-print eventlog records), create a message file DLL,
then use the eventlogadm program to write the appropriate eventlog
registry entries:


            eventlogadm -o addsource Application MyApplication


This will add the key
n, and to that key add value

            MyApplication/EventLogMessageFile with a string of


If there happens to be a share called [C$] on your samba server, and in
that share there's a Windows/system32/MyApplication.dll file, it will be
read by the eventlog viewer application when displaying eventlog records
to pretty-print your eventlog entries.



Brian Moran


Centeris Corporation

15405 SE 37th St.     Bellevue, WA  98006


206-390-4376 cell



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